define chemical detergents in chemistry

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Soap and detergent ( chemistry folio form 5 )- define chemical detergents in chemistry ,Nov 20, 2012·Soap and detergent ( chemistry folio form 5 ) 1. Soap and Detergent 2. a) Give definition of soap and some examples of soap. Soap is a salt that is formed from the reaction between an alkali and a fatty acid, RCOOH. * Soap is a sodium salt if the alkali used is sodium hydroxide.Definition of detergent - Chemistry DictionaryChemistry Dictionary. Definition of Detergent. A soap-like emulsifer that contains a sulfate, SO3 or a phosphate group instead of a carboxylate group. Search the Dictionary …



Detergent Definition in Chemistry | Chemical Business Reports

Detergent Definition in Chemistry chemical_report - August 31, 2021 0 A detergent is a surfactant or mixture of surfactants that has cleaning properties in dilute solution with water.

Detergent | Definition of Detergent by Merriam-Webster

detergent: [noun] a cleansing agent: such as. soap. any of numerous synthetic water-soluble or liquid organic preparations that are chemically different from soaps but are able to emulsify oils, hold dirt in suspension, and act as wetting agents. an oil-soluble substance that holds insoluble foreign matter in suspension and is used in ...

Detergent Definition in Chemistry - ThoughtCo

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties when in dilute solutions. There are a large variety of detergents, but the most commonly found are alkylbenzene sulfonates: a family of soap-like compounds that are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and ...

What is a Synthetic Detergent? - Definition from ...

Sep 04, 2019·A synthetic detergent is a cleansing substance that acts similarly to soap, but is made from chemical compounds instead of fats and lye. These detergents were developed in order to overcome some of soap's shortcomings, such as soap's inability to lather in hard or acidic environments, as it is reliant on fats and oils.

Soap - Chemistry Encyclopedia - structure, reaction, water ...

Soap. Soaps are cleaning agents that are usually made by reacting alkali (e.g., sodium hydroxide) with naturally occurring fat or fatty acids. The reaction produces sodium salts of these fatty acids, which improve the cleaning process by making water better able to lift away greasy stains from skin, hair, clothes, and just about anything else.

What is a Synthetic Detergent? - Definition from ...

Sep 04, 2019·A synthetic detergent is a cleansing substance that acts similarly to soap, but is made from chemical compounds instead of fats and lye. These detergents were developed in order to overcome some of soap's shortcomings, such as soap's inability to lather in hard or acidic environments, as it is reliant on fats and oils.

Soaps & Detergents: Chemistry, Types & Uses | Study

Feb 04, 2021·The three types we will examine are: anionic, cationic and non-ionic. Laundry detergent, dishwasher detergent, glass cleaner. Conditioner, fabric softener, antiseptic soaps. Dishwashing liquid ...

Detergent - Wikipedia

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties when in dilute solutions. There are a large variety of detergents, but the most commonly found are alkylbenzene sulfonates: a family of soap-like compounds that are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and ...

What is the chemical formula of detergent? - Chemistry Q&A

C 17 H 35 COONa or sodium stearate is the chemical formula for soap, while the chemical formula of detergent is C 18 H 29 NaO 3 S. A synthetic detergent is any synthetic substance other than soap that is an effective cleanser and functions equally well as a surface-active agent in hard or soft water.

HSC Chemistry : Soaps and Detergents - Art Of Smart

This is part of the HSC Chemistry course under the topic of Reactions of Organic Acids and Bases. In this post, we investigate the structure and action of soaps and detergents. Soaps and Detergents. This video investigates the structure and action of soaps and detergents, and their properties and functions in relation to how they work to remove ...

NPE in detergents | Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

NPE in detergents. While nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPE) surfactants in detergents have seen little regulation in the United States, government and industry have worked together to gradually reduce their use. NPEs degrade within hours or days to nonylphenol (NP) which is the main concern for health and environment. Concerns about NP include:

1.3 Physical and Chemical Properties – Chemistry

Chemistry End of Chapter Exercises. Classify the six underlined properties in the following paragraph as chemical or physical: Fluorine is a pale yellow gas that reacts with most substances.The free element melts at −220 °C and boils at −188 °C.Finely divided metals burn in fluorine with a bright flame.Nineteen grams of fluorine will react with 1.0 gram of hydrogen.

What is a Hazardous Chemical? - Definition from safeopedia

Aug 02, 2018·A hazardous chemical is a chemical that has properties with the potential to do harm to human or animal health, the environment, or capable of damaging property. The term covers, among other things: Chemical dusts. Chemical vapors. Chemical smoke. Chemical fumes. Chemical mixtures.

soap and detergent | Chemistry, Uses, Properties, & Facts ...

In order to perform as detergents (surface-active agents), soaps and detergents must have certain chemical structures: their molecules must contain a hydrophobic (water-insoluble) part, such as a fatty acid or a rather long chain carbon group, such as fatty alcohols or alkylbenzene. The molecule must also contain a hydrophilic (water-soluble) group, such as ―COONa, or a sulfo group, such as ...

Glossary of Chemical Terms | Hach

chemical precipitation. (1) the process of utilizing chemicals to produce a separable solid phase within a liquid medium; in analytical chemistry, precipitation is used to separate a solid phase in an aqueous solution. (2) the process of softening water by the addition of lime and soda ash as the precipitants.

The Chemistry Behind Soapmaking / How is soap made ...

Soap is a byproduct of a chemical reaction that takes place between oils or fats and sodium hydroxide or lye. When mixed with water and then with oils or fats a process called saponification takes place. The initial saponification process takes anywhere from 20 – 90 minutes.

What's The Difference Between Soap and Detergent | Cleancult

Soap vs. Detergent. As mentioned before, there is a chemical difference between the formulas of soap and the formulas of detergents. The advantage of (either non-toxic or conventional, mainstream) laundry detergents over soap is that the former are specifically formulated to work in washing machine environments, some even are formulated to work in special HE Washing Machine.

What is the difference between a chemical process and a ...

Sep 24, 2013·Some chemistry teachers like to define a chemical process as any process that involves a chemical reaction and all other processes as physical processes. According to such teachers, things like burning fuels are chemical processes and things like dissolving salt in water or freezing water into ice are physical processes. But this distinction is ...

Detergent Definition & Meaning | Dictionary

Detergent definition, any of a group of synthetic, organic, liquid or water-soluble cleaning agents that, unlike soap, are not prepared from fats and oils, are not inactivated by hard water, and have wetting-agent and emulsifying-agent properties. See more.

Development of Tide Synthetic Detergent - National ...

Oct 25, 2006·The broadest definition of a detergent is a compound or combination of compounds used for cleaning. Therefore, all soaps are detergents but not all detergents are soaps. Soaps are generally made from the reaction of animal or vegetable fat (oil or glyceride) with a base, such as found in wood ashes, to yield a salt of a long chain fatty acid.

Cationic detergent - definition of cationic detergent by ...

Define cationic detergent. cationic detergent synonyms, cationic detergent pronunciation, cationic detergent translation, English dictionary definition of cationic detergent. n a type of detergent in which the active part of the molecule is a positive ion .

CHEMICAL | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

chemical definition: 1. any basic substance that is used in or produced by a reaction involving changes to atoms or…. Learn more.

The Chemistry of Detergents « The Chemistry of Things

The detergent molecules surround the fat particles, turning the head that “likes” water to the outside, thus allowing stains to be captured and dissolved. Detergents have been subject of constant improvements to increase their cleaning power, to better protect coloured clothing and to have a …

Detergent Builders – Chemical production and investment ...

Detergent Builders. Published October 1987. Detergent builders are chemical compounds that are added to a detergent product to improve its cleaning properties. In this broad definition, cleaning is measured by the net amount of soil removed; that is, the total …

Chemistry of Soaps,Chemistry of Detergents,Chemistry of ...

A detergent is a better cleaning product as it contains one or more surfactants. Due to their chemical makeup, the surfactants that are used in detergents can be engineered to function well under different conditions. Such types of surfactants are less sensitive to hardness minerals in water than soap and most of them do not form a film.

Development of Tide Synthetic Detergent - National ...

Oct 25, 2006·The broadest definition of a detergent is a compound or combination of compounds used for cleaning. Therefore, all soaps are detergents but not all detergents are soaps. Soaps are generally made from the reaction of animal or vegetable fat (oil or glyceride) with a base, such as found in wood ashes, to yield a salt of a long chain fatty acid.